The Observatory of Economic Complexity (OEC) is an online data visualization and distribution platform focused on the geography and dynamics of economic activities. The OEC data is predicated on both an Economic Complexity Index (ECI) and a Product Complexity Index (PCI). The ECI predicts important macroeconomic outcomes, including a country's level of income, economic growth, income inequality, and greenhouse gas emissions. It has also been estimated using diverse data sources, such as trade data, employment data, stock market data, and patent data. The PCI measures the complexity required to produce a product or engage in an economic activity.
The IMF's Climate Change Dashboard has multiple cross-border indicators that explore CO2 emissions related to production in one country and determine how much CO2 emissions are used to satisfy demand at home and abroad. It takes into account decisions made by multinational companies on where they locate their operations. These indicators include 1) CO2 emissions embodied in trade, 2) trade in environmental goods, 3) trade in low carbon technology products, and 4) several factors related to emissions resulting from direct investment.